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This jar is made from a coarse shell-tempered clay known as Mississippi Plain paste, and belongs to a specific style of Mississippian pottery known as Barton Incised, var. Barton. This type of pottery dates to the Late Mississippian period. This shape of vessel, known as a standard Mississippian jar, is the most commonly found form among Barton Incised vessels. The triangular pattern incised into the jar’s rim is also highly typical of this style of pottery. The terminal horizontal line that marks the end of the rim decoration and the start of the undecorated body of the jar, however, seems to be found specifically on Barton Incised pottery that originates in the St. Francis region, rather than in the Memphis region. Additionally, the size, shape, and position of the two handles on this jar also suggest it originated in the St. Francis region. This suggests that this example was made off-site and transported to Chucalissa at some point, perhaps as part of the extensive trade network that existed among Mississippian sites.


1400- 1550


Pottery; Barton Incised Jar; Mississippian