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This jar belongs to a style of Mississippian pottery known as Parkin Punctated, so-named for the distinctive decorations which cover the jar’s body. Parkin Punctated was in use throughout the Mississippian period but was especially common in the Middle and Late Mississippian periods. This particular jar is especially noteworthy because it has a lobed body and also was once part of a Horizontal Compound Vessel: the roughly round, broken protrusion extending from the side of the jar’s body originally connected the extant jar to another jar-shaped vessel.

Although less common than simple vessel shapes, Compound Vessels generally speaking are found throughout North America dating from at least the Hopewell Period. During the Mississippian Period specifically, however, they are most commonly found in/around the Memphis area, and this is especially true of Horizontal Compound Vessels, which are a relatively uncommon type of Compound Vessel


1200- 1540


Pottery; Jar; Compound Vessel; Horizontal Compound Jar; Parkin Punctated; Mississippian