Doctor of Philosophy
Suzanne H. Lease
Sha'Kema M. Blackmon
Sara K. Bridges
As the need for healthcare professionals continues to increase, the issue of improving provider self-care becomes ever more salient. One category of approaches to self-care, termed Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs), has been proposed as particularly well suited to addressing the issues of impairment and self-care for healthcare providers. This study sought to synthesize, using meta-analysis, findings from the wealth of recent literature in this area in an effort to provide valuable information about the overall effect of such interventions, as well as the timing and structure necessary to receive benefit. Included are 32 studies that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (1) examined the effectiveness of MBIs, (2) utilized a sample of healthcare providers, (3) reported results from outcome measures for at least one aspect of positive functioning and/or one aspect of negative functioning, and (4) obtained baseline and post-intervention scores for each participant, finding change across time in comparison to a control group. Studies in which authors examined the effect of an MBI on participants at baseline and post-intervention without comparison to a control group were included if enough information was available to calculate an effect size and the correlation between pre- and post-intervention scores. The results of treatment effects from baseline to post-intervention (positive outcomes d = 0.372, negative outcomes d = -0.403), baseline to follow-up (positive outcomes d = 0.483, negative outcomes d = -0.438), and sensitivity analyses excluding a subset of studies based on methodological concerns (positive outcomes d = 0.396, negative outcomes d = -0.408) support the notion that healthcare provider participation in MBIs is associated with substantial improvements on both positive and negative outcomes. Future research will benefit from further examining the effect of various moderators and comparing MBIs to other self-care approaches as the literature base grows.
Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Murray, Adrian N., "Taking a Cue from the Heart: A Meta-Analysis of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Healthcare Providers" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1105.