Date of Award
Master of Arts
After the Cold War, a paradigm shift occurred in the study of international conflict that led to a move away from traditional state-military centric security to make human beings the referent object of security instead. This paper uses the case studies of Sierra Leonean child soldiers and Brazilian street children to explore the links between human security and development. Children are already a vulnerable population, but they are made more insecure when they live in underdeveloped states. While poverty is a main causal factor in both these phenomena, other variables contribute to these social epidemics such as: weak governing structures, neoliberal economic policies, and socities too ill-equipped to reintegrate these marginalized children. This paper frames the two case studies within a human security narrative, and finds that most of these issues have structural causes that require long-term structural solutions.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Busse, Victoria Leilani, "The Insecurities of Underdevelopment: Case Studies of Child Soldiers and Street Children" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1125.