Date of Award
Master of Science
Jeffrey S. Berman
Kreuz J. Roger
Writing and speaking about a traumatic event have been shown to produce physiological and psychological benefits. However, there is evidence that the mechanisms of change may differ between the mediums. The current study examines cohesion through the language used (i.e., causal, insight, conjunction, tentative, positive and negative emotional words) as a possible indicator of why the disclosures are helpful. The results indicate that those who speak are initially more coherent than those who write and that this coherency is negatively related to distress for those in the spoken comparison group. However, by the second session of disclosure the relation to distress was no longer evident. A variation of the analysis was completed excluding emotion words, and similar results were achieved. The author discusses possible reasons for these findings and suggests having clients of psychotherapy speak about a traumatic event before completing a writing assignment about it for an increased benefit.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Newton, Kevin Michael, "Emotional Disclosure: Does Writing Differ from Speaking?" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1171.