Date of Award
Master of Arts
Since the eruption of the Mediterranean crisis, European states have taken a tougher stance on admitting refugees and asylum seekers despite the fact that Europe is the original architect of the international humanitarian regime. This shift from a historically Open Europe to the Fortress Europe is particularly pronounced in Germany. Accordingly, this thesis explores why Germany has suggested more restrictive policies toward the Mediterranean refugees today when it had responded generously during the Indochinese crisis. I argue that Germany's differential responses to the Indochinese and Mediterranean refugee crises reflect its construction of the foreign groups as either assets or liabilities to national identity. As such, the Vietnamese were positive constructs in Germany's nation building process, whereas the Mediterranean refugees are conceived as potential threats to the maintenance of the re-unified German nation. This study concludes that Germany should consider long-term and short-term effects on the nation when drafting asylum policies.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Orsino, Yves Mai, "Refugees, Migrants, and Terrorists: German National Identity and the Social Construction of Vietnamese and Mediterranean Boat People" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1305.