Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Identifier

3763

Date

2016

Date of Award

8-22-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Major

Psychology

Concentration

General Psychology

Committee Chair

Kristoffer Berlin

Committee Member

James Whelan

Committee Member

Randy Floyd

Abstract

Chronic constipation is associated with pain, stress, and fecal incontinence, which negatively impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, it is unclear if patterns of pain, stool frequency, and incontinence are differentially associated with HRQoL in youth with chronic constipation. Four hundred and ten caregivers completed a demographics and symptoms form, the Parental Opinions of Pediatric Constipation, Pediatric Symptom Checklist, and the Functional Disability Inventory. Stooling patterns were derived using Latent Variable Mixture Modeling. A three-class model emerged: withholding/avoiding (WA), pain, and fecal incontinence (FI). The pain class reported the greatest amount of disease burden/distress, greatest impairments in illness related activity limitations, more psychosocial problems, and, along with the FI class, elevated levels of family conflict. The FI class reported the greatest amount of parental worry of social impact. Youth with chronic constipation who experience pain or fecal incontinence may be at a greater risk for specific HRQoL problems such as illness related activity limitations, psychosocial issues, disease burden and worry, and family conflict.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.

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