Date of Award
Master of Science
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are independently associated with negative psychological outcomes. Spirituality has been linked to positive outcomes. The present study interviewed 183 women exposed to recent IPV and/or living with HIV. Latent profile analysis was used to identify patterns of mental health (depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) and examine their associations with spirituality. Four profiles emerged: Very Low Distress, Low Distress, High Average Distress, and Very High Distress. Women in the Very Low and Low Distress groups reported higher spirituality than women in the High Average and Very High Distress groups. Findings contribute to the literature by highlighting the varying levels of mental health distress among women exposed to physical and socioemotional adversities and connecting these experiences to spirituality. Findings may contribute to the development of novel interventions aimed at improving mental health among women exposed to adversity by emphasizing benefits of incorporating spirituality.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Kaufman, Caroline Cecil, "Patterns of Mental Health and their Associations with Spirituality in Women Exposed to Adversity" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1805.