Date of Award
Master of Science
Previous research has shown that parental attachment is a predictor of children's hope, and gender intensification theory proposed that parents had stronger effect on early adolescents with the same gender. This study examined the moderating role of Chinese parents' and adolescents' genders in the relation between parental attachment and hope. Data were collected from 745 middle school students (M = 12.77, SD = 0.73, 51.1% males) in China. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs were applied. Results indicated that both paternal and maternal attachment significantly predicted hope cross-sectionally, but only maternal attachment significantly predicted hope after six months. Gender did not have significant moderating effect in any model. In addition, mothers' education levels had significant relation with hope both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Implication and future directions were discussed.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Hu, Yuyang, "The Moderation Effect of Gender in The Relation between Parental Attachment and Hope in Chinese Adolescents" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1990.