Master of Arts
This study re-tested the associations between Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and national health outcomes, measured by infant mortality, life expectancy, and adult death rate by examining three mechanisms- firstly, increased trade liberalization and free trade instigate trade flows and attract FDIs that benefit the economy; secondly, global diffusion of ideas and knowledge influences health outcomes; and thirdly, improved health-related policies and practices by government improves health. This analysis is built on a 15-year panel data including 34 developing countries that have participated in FTAs. Current analysis suggests when countries form trade agreements their trade volume expands, and life expectancy and infant mortality rates improves. When trade flows unimpededly, developing countries get access to resources from developed ones, and focus on sanitation, vaccination, etc. that ultimately benefit population health. The significance level among immunization and health outcomes reaffirms that flow of ideas, knowledge as well as trade of pharmaceutical products become effortless among countries who eliminate trade barriers with agreements.
Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Tasmim, Samia, "Free Trade Agreements and the Resulting Health Outcomes: Trade Flow, Knowledge Spillover and Government Regulations among Developing Countries" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2027.