Date of Award
Master of Science
Kathryn H. Howell
Randy G. Floyd
Ample evidence supports the relationship between trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), with less research on factors that may influence the expression of PTSS following adversity and even fewer studies focused on racial minority samples. Utilizing the Person-Environment Interaction Model (Slaug, Iwarsson, & Björk, 2018), the current study examined the role of individual (e.g., ethnic identity), relational (e.g., social support), and environmental (e.g., community cohesion and community disorder) factors potentially associated with PTSS following lifetime trauma exposure among emerging adults of racial minority status (N = 203). Participants were 18 to 25 (Mage = 20.27, SD = 1.95), were predominantly women (84%), and largely self-identified as Black or African American (60%). A hierarchical multiple regression indicated that greater social support was related to lower PTSS. Results highlight the importance of racial minority-focused research and the need for social support to be integrated into treatment protocols following exposure to adversity.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Shoemaker, Hannah Louise, "Contextual Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Following Exposure to Trauma" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2032.