Date of Award
Master of Science
Kathryn H Howell
Kris S Berlin
Anderson’s code of the streets (COS) model outlines one potential response to high community violence exposure (CVE) in which individuals regard physical violence as an effective means to maintain respect and reduce victimization. Previous research has separately linked CVE, strong negative emotions, and low social support to greater violence, and suggests these factors may also relate to acceptability of violence. The current study used these factors to derive empirically-driven profilesin a latent profile analysis, and examined the relationships between theseprofiles and COS adherence among 694 undergraduates (Mage=20.72; 81.0% female; 57.1% White).A 4-class model emerged as the best fit:High Community Violence (HCV; 5.0%), Low Support (LS; 16.7%), Unvarying (UNV; 23.9%) and Low Community Violence (LCV; 54.4%). Profiles significantly differed in relation to COS adherence, with HCV participants endorsing the highest COS. Findings highlight mutable individual and relational factors that relate to perceptions of the acceptability of violence.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Gilliam, Hannah Corinne, "Community Violence and Code of the Streets: A Person-Centered Examination of General Strain Theory" (2021). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2156.