Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date

2018

Date of Award

2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychology

Committee Chair

Robert Cohen

Committee Member

Kristoffer Berlin

Committee Member

Kathryn Howell

Committee Member

Randy Floyd

Abstract

The present research (N = 121) examined a) the stability of previously established, empirically derived profiles of forms of childrens dislike relationships (i.e., unilateral-received dislike, unilateral-given dislike, mutual dislike) at two time points (one academic year apart) and, b) the reciprocal, cross-lagged relations between these antipathetic profiles and a number of peer social competence measures (i.e., loneliness, peer optimism, self-perceived social competence, mutual friends, sociability nominations, and popularity nominations). The three profiles included a High Disliked profile (characterized by high unilateral-received and mutual dislike nominations), an Average Dislike profile (characterized by average dislike nominations across all indicators), and a High Dislikers profile (characterized by the lowest unilateral-received and the highest unilateral-given dislike nominations). Children were assessed as third and fourth graders (Time 1) and then as fourth and fifth graders (Time 2). Using an autoregressive cross-lagged panel model, results revealed stability in the measurements of the constructs, including both childrens most likely profile membership and social competence correlates, across time. Childrens Social Dysphoria and Sociable-Popular status at Time 1 predicted their most likely profile membership at Time 2, but childrens most likely profile membership at Time 1 did not predict any of the social competence correlates at Time 2. Gender only predicted childrens Social Dysphoria at Time 2 and was not associated with any other variables in the model. These findings suggest that the measurement of profiles based on childrens unilateral and mutual dislike hold over time and highlight indices of childrens social competence that are associated with this profile membership over time.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest

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