Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Mary Brewer



Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education



Committee Chair

Laura Casey

Committee Member

Robert Williamson

Committee Member

William Hunter

Committee Member

Luanne Davis


Despite the fact that the US spends millions of dollars on testing and instructional resources for students with exceptionalities (SWE) to participate on state tests, performance continues to be significantly below their general education peers. In an effort to determine if any additional factors may play a role in the performance discrepancy, two other factors, socio-economic status (SES) and mobility rate, were analyzed. Data from the Florida State Department of Education was used because of the public availability, the proposed generalizability of such a diverse state, and Florida being one of three states with the largest population of public education students in the United States. Socio-economic status was represented by free and reduced lunch (FRL). The FRL data was distributed among 4 groups (25% or less, between 25% and 50%, between 50% and 75%, and greater than 75%). The results of the one-way ANOVAs showed mean scale scores for SWEs in FRL group 2 (between 25% and 50%) in reading (M = 308.79, SD = 6.37, p < .05) and math (M = 306.85, SD = 6.43, p < .05) were significantly higher than the other groups. Mobility rate was distributed into 6 groups from highest to lowest. The group with the lowest mobility rate (group 6) (M =307.73, SD = 6.08, p < .05) had a significantly higher reading mean scale for SWEs than the other mobility groups. Mobility rate was not significant on SWE math scores. Implications for future research are discussed.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest