Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Spirituality and religiosity are salient constructs in the lives of young adults and are associatedwith several positive physical and mental health outcomes. A significant body of researchsuggests that these constructs should be assessed concurrently and multidimensionally to gain afull understanding of these phenomena. The current study examined patterns ofspirituality/religiosity, associations between such patterns and positive outcomes, anddemographic predictors of patterns in an understudied population. A total of 199 racially diverse,non-university attending young adults were recruited from a job-preparedness program situatedin the Midsouth United States. Participants completed measures of demographics, multiplemeasures of spirituality and religiosity, meaning-making, and well-being. Latent profile analysiswas used to identify patterns of spirituality/religiosity (based on scores across multiple measuresof spirituality and religiosity) and associations between these profiles and meaning-making andwell-being were examined. Demographic predictors of class membership (i.e., race and ethnicity,gender) were also examined. Hypotheses included the following: 1) Several distinct typologiesof spirituality/religiosity will emerge and typologies will be characterized by differing levels ofspirituality/religiosity; 2) Spirituality/religiosity typologies characterized by high levels ofspirituality/religiosity will be significantly and positively associated with well-being andmeaning-making; and 3) Identifying as a man or White/European American will predictmembership in classes characterized by lower spirituality/religiosity. Four profiles emerged,including Class 1 (Average S/R, Higher Negative Religious Coping Class), Class 2 (HighReligiosity, Mixed Spirituality), Class 3 (Low Religiosity, Low to Average Spirituality), andClass 4 (Highest S/R and Lower Negative Religious Coping). Consistent with hypotheses,identifying as White/European American or male were found to be significant predictors ofclass membership. Generally, classes characterized by higher spirituality/religiosity wereassociated with greater meaning-making and well-being compared to classes characterized bylower spirituality/religiosity. These findings offer novel contributions to the literature byhighlighting the heterogeneity and salience of spirituality/religiosity patterns. Findings extendthe current research literature by examining spirituality/religiosity among an understudiedpopulation of non-university attending young adults and highlight the need to examinemechanisms behind these relationships. Interventions aimed at improving well-being andmeaning-making among this population may be enriched by elements of spirituality/religiosity.
Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest
Kaufman, Caroline Cecil, "PROFILES OF SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGIOSITY AMONG DIVERSE YOUNG ADULTS: RELATIONSHIPS WITH MEANING-MAKING AND WELL-BEING" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2617.