Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Counseling Psychology

Committee Chair

Rosie Davis

Committee Member

Suzanne Lease

Committee Member

Sara Bridges

Committee Member

Owen Lightsey


The current study examined the moderating effects of resilience on the relationships between gendered racism and sense of belonging and gendered racism and academic self-efficacy for Black women at Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs). Data from 118 Black women (22.9%, undergraduate students, 26.5% graduate students, and 50.6% alumni/graduated students) were collected from PWIs across the United States and analyzed using PROCESS 3.2 for SPSS. Gendered racism was negatively associated with both sense of belonging and academic self-efficacy, and resilience did not moderate the relationships between the predictor and outcome variables. Findings from this study contradict previous literature by indicating that resilience was not significant in buffering the impact of discrimination (gendered racism) on Black womens academic experiences (i.e., sense of belonging and academic self-efficacy) at PWIs. These findings highlight the importance of examining experiences of gendered racism and how they impact academic experiences for Black women. Additionally, the present findings tentatively suggest that there may be factors other than resilience that influence Black womans ability to excel academically despite experiences of gendered racism.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest