Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Identifier

361

Date

2011

Date of Award

7-25-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Major

Biomedical Engineering

Committee Chair

Warren O Haggard

Committee Member

Joel D Bumgardner

Committee Member

Harry S Courtney

Committee Member

Erno Lindner

Abstract

Musculoskeletal wound infections can be difficult to treat, often resulting in multiple surgeries and increased costs, and can be complicated by antibiotic resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to use genipin, alone or with poly(n-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), to crosslink chitosan sponges for a tailorable, degradable local drug delivery system to treat known musculoskeletal pathogens. Lyophilized uncrosslinked, genipin crosslinked, and PNIPAM/ genipin crosslinked chitosan sponges were evaluated in vitro for degradation, antibiotic uptake, elution, biologic activity, and biocompatibility. Crosslinked chitosan sponges exhibited decreased degradation and increased antibiotic uptake and elution. PNIPAM/genipin crosslinked sponges had the highest and prolonged release of antibiotics. Vancomycin and amikacin eluted from all sponges was active against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and did not have significant cytotoxic effects. These results indicate that genipin crosslinked and PNIPAM/ genipin crosslinked chitosan sponges have potential as tailorable adjunctive treatments for infection control, suitable for extended degradation and antibiotic release times.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.

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