Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Author

Kul Subedi

Date

2018

Date of Award

2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Committee Chair

Dipankar Dasgupta

Committee Member

Vasile Rus

Committee Member

Lan Wang

Committee Member

Kan Yang

Abstract

Vulnerabilities in software, whether they be malicious or benign are a major concern in every sector. My research broadly focused on security testing of software, including malware. For the last few years, ransomware attacks have become increasingly prevalent with the growth of cryptocurrencies.The first part of my research presents a strategy to recover from ransomware attacks by backing up critical information in slack space. In this work, I designed RDS3, a novel ransomware defense strategy, in which we stealthily back up data in the spare space of a computing device, such that the data encrypted by ransomware can be restored. The key concept is that unused space can backup critical data, which is fully isolated from the system. In this way, no ransomware will be able to ''touch'' the backup data regardless of what privilege it is able to obtain.Next, my research focused on understanding ransomware from both structural and behavioral perspectives to design CRDETECTOR, crypto-ransomware detector. Reverse engineering is performed on executables at different levels such as raw binaries, assembly codes, libraries, and function calls to better analysis and interpret the purpose of code segments. In this work, I applied data-mining techniques to correlate multi-level code components (derived from reverse engineering process) to find unique signatures to identify ransomware families.As part of security testing of software, I conducted research on InfiniBand (IB) which supports remote direct memory access without making two copies of data (one in user space and the other in kernel space) and thus provides very low latency and very high throughput. To this end, for many industries, IB has become a promising new inter-connect protocol over Ethernet technologies and ensuring the security of is critical. To do this, the first step is to have a thorough understanding of the vulnerabilities of its current implementations, which is unfortunately still missing in the literature. While my extensive penetration testing could not find any significant security loopholes, there are certain aspects in both the design and the implementations that need to be addressed.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest

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