Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Nicole West



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



Committee Chair

Steven West

Committee Member

Patrick Murphy

Committee Member

Pamela Cogdal

Committee Member

William Hunter


This repeated measure design evaluates the effectiveness of the trauma-informed parent education course known as Empowered to Connect. This research used a quantitative method to investigate whether caregivers who are exposed to trauma-informed material improve their trauma-informed parenting skills and their parent-child relationship with their biological, foster, adoptive, and/or kinship children. Trauma-informed parenting is defined as a caregivers understanding of the impact of trauma on development and his or her ability to parent a child who has experienced a disruption in attachment and connection. A One-Way Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), descriptive statistics, and a Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test were used to determine improvement in caregiver scores. The Resource Parent Knowledge and Beliefs Survey (RPKBS) as well as the Behavioral Assessment for Children Parent Relationship Questionnaire (BASC-PRQ) were given at pre and post time points. The sample consisted of 36 caregivers, all of whom completed the RPKBS; 20 of whom completed the BASC-PRQ. The findings for RPKBS were statistically significant, suggesting a need for continued research, as this study did not utilize a control group for comparison purposes. Although BASC-PRQ scores improved from pre to posttest, the improvements were not found to be statistically significant.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest