Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



Committee Chair

Leigh Holman

Committee Member

Colton Cockrum

Committee Member

Leigh Harrell-Williams

Committee Member

Patrick Murphy


The United States has more people in prison than any other country in the world. While many of these prisons offer treatment groups designed to rehabilitate inmates, it is unknown at what rate individuals participate in these groups and what their motivation is for involvement. This study investigated the impact of parenthood on substance use disorder treatment participation and motivation of incarcerated males and females. Descriptive statistics and chi square tests of independence were used to examine differences in participation rates and motivation of incarcerated parents and non-parents and incarcerated male and female parents. The study showed statistically significant results with small effect sizes for the participation rates of each of the populations in addiction groups and in adjustment groups. Statistically significant results with small effects size were also found for the motivation reasons of each of the populations in both types of groups. These findings highlight the need for more research in the area so that this population can be better understood. With a greater understanding, methods to increase participation and motivation could be tailored to meet the specific treatment needs of individuals in prisons.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest