Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Identifier

382

Date

2011

Date of Award

7-26-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Major

Biomedical Engineering

Committee Chair

John Williams

Committee Member

Gladius Lewis

Committee Member

William Mihalko

Abstract

Throughout the life of a total knee arthroplasty implant repeated loading causes wear on the contact surfaces. Attempts have been made in the past to predict locations of wear through computational modeling and physical testing. This study examines a method of using computer modeling techniques to describe the kinematics of an implant, and to use kinematic data in finding areas of contact and internal shear stress that correlate to observed wear damage. A retrieved cruciate-retaining knee implant was reverse engineered and analyzed in one cycle of simulated gait using multibody dynamics and aligned according to resulting kinematic data for finite element analysis. Results showed a correlation between the predicted areas of contact and internal shear stresses and the observed wear damage.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.

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