Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Business Administration

Committee Chair

Chen Zhang

Committee Member

Euntae "Ted" Lee

Committee Member

Stephanie A Totty

Committee Member

Mark L Gillenson

Committee Member

Ali Adeli


Digitalization is a phenomenon that has significantly impacted our lives in the past decade. With the emergence of technologies such as AI and blockchain, businesses and society are further poised to transform. This two-essay dissertation examines two groups impacted by digitalization: firm leaders and online learners. With the prevalence of digital transformation, having digital savviness among the firm’s leadership impacts firm performance. Building on prior studies, the first essay examines the efficiency and innovation performance implications of both the board members’ and the top management team members’ digital savviness. More importantly, the impact of having digitally savvy leaders may be contingent on the threats posed by new entrepreneurial ventures. Hence, we hypothesize that having a digitally savvy board and TMT is not a silver bullet under all conditions; their impact on firm innovation and efficiency depends on the degree of environmental uncertainty characterized by new entry threats (NET). To test the hypothesis, we empirically examine a panel dataset of 109 firms from 2011 to 2017. This study provides both theoretical and practical contributions to the digital innovation literature and strategic leadership literature. The second essay investigates the role of mobile devices in the relationship between procrastination and academic performance in online education. With the rise of online courses offered by universities post COVID–19, procrastination among university students has become an epidemic. We propose that media multitasking—simultaneously engaging in two or more types of media—and excessive mobile device use have become a norm and influence procrastinating students’ academic performance in an online educational context. This study also examines how mobile device-enabled self-regulation—the goal-oriented process of leveraging mobile device features and apps to mitigate undesirable impulses—may help mitigate the harmful effects of excessive mobile device use and media multitasking. This study conducts a survey of college students taking at least one online course in a large metropolitan university. This research contributes to the IS literature and the education literature by highlighting the role of mobile device-enabled self-regulation in mitigating the negative consequence of procrastination in an online educational setting.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest


Embargoed until 2025-07-05

Available for download on Saturday, July 05, 2025