Date of Award
Master of Arts
Communication Sciences & Disorders
Miriam van Mersbergen
This experimental within-participant reversal paradigm quantified effects of breath manipulation on emotional reactivity and inhibition. Participants were assessed for inhibitory ability and emotional reactivity at baseline and following three breathing conditions: controlled neutral, resonance frequency, and variable breathing; selected to assess a range of breathing behavior from anxious breathing, vegetative breathing, and meditative breathing. Emotional reactivity was elicited using the International Affective Picture System and inhibition utilizing a verbal Stop Signal task. Dependent variables for emotion induction included self-reported mood and arousal using the Self-Assessment Manikin of Valence and Arousal, and for inhibition was response time and accuracy. For twenty-six healthy participants, emotion induction demonstrated no statistical findings across breathing condition. However, for inhibition tasks, a significant reduction in inhibitory response time and increase in response accuracy was found following resonance frequency breathing. Breath manipulation effects inhibitory control and could be a tool for improving efficacy of behavioral therapies addressing aspects of inhibition.
Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest
Hazelton, Kiley, "Does Breath Pattern Influence Reacting and Feeling?" (2023). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3023.