Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Khairul Hasan



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Civil Engineering

Committee Chair

Brian Waldron

Committee Member

Daniel Larsen

Committee Member

Farhad Jazaei

Committee Member

Scott Schoefernacker


Local leakage processes and potential migration pathways of modern water (<60 >years) from the shallow aquifer, into the underlying semiconfined Memphis aquifer, were evaluated to assess the vulnerability of groundwater in Memphis Light, Gas and Water’s (MLGW) Sheahan well field. To identify the source(s) and pathways of modern water, integrated hydrostratigraphic analysis, numerical modeling, hydrologic tracers, and geochemical modeling were utilized. The percentage of modern water present in Memphis aquifer production wells is estimated using inverse geochemical modeling, lumped parameter modeling, and solute transport modeling with Modular Transport, 3-Dimensional, Multi-Species model (MT3DMS). The mixing percentages determined from lumped parameter modeling and MT3DMS are generally in agreement except well 87A, estimating up to 14.3% and 15.3%, respectively. The significant mixing fraction difference at 87A might account for the missing hydrogeologic connection in the groundwater model on the eastern part of the well field. Estimates for the apparent age of the modern water derived from MT3DMS fall within the age range obtained from environmental tracer data (3H/3He). However, the age distributions from the MT3DMS model are limited to 60 years or less, resulting in a younger mean age than the tracer-based apparent ages. Thus, the MT3DMS model, calibrated with long-term tracer data could simulate the mean age and mixing percentage of modern water while emphasizing the importance of accurate hydrogeologic conceptualizations at the Sheahan well field. As a result, tracer data and solute transport modeling can identify vulnerabilities and ensure the long-term sustainability of the Sheahan well field.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest


Open Access