Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Counseling Psychology

Committee Chair

Suzanne Lease

Committee Member

Douglas Strohmer

Committee Member

Sara K Bridges

Committee Member

KT Hiestand

Committee Member

Elin Ovrebo


Research has repeatedly shown that transgender people face disproportionally higher rates of discrimination, mental health related issues, homelessness, and general disconnection (Bockting et al., 2013; Matsuno & Israel, 2018; Testa et al., 2014). Resilience has been identified as what helps individuals overcome adversities and buffer the potential negative consequences of stress (Masten, 2015; Meyers, 2015; Singh, 2018). This paper describes the development and validation of the Transgender Resilience Measure (TRM), an instrument designed to reliably and validly assess unique resilience factors for transgender individuals. The author presents two studies outlining the development and validation of the TRM. Study 1 revealed a seven-factor structure across 36 items including Family Acceptance, Social Support, Community Belonging, and Gender Transition. Study 2 revealed sufficient construct, convergent, and discriminant validity for the seven-factor structure of the TRM. Findings indicate that the TRM is a psychometrically sound instrument to measure resilience factors for transgender people.


Data is provided by the student

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest.


Open Access