Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Mechanical Engineering

Committee Chair

Jeffrey Marchetta

Committee Member

John Hochstein

Committee Member

Firouzeh Sabri

Committee Member

Alexander Headley

Committee Member

Yuan Gao


The current research utilizes an Energy of Fluid (EOF) approach to develop a finite volume-based Computation Fluid Dynamic (CFD) model to create a benchmark simulation of the densification of liquid hydrogen (LH2) in an experimental Integrated Refrigeration and Storage (IRAS) tank at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The computational code will incorporate a commercial pressure-based model with User Defined Functions (UDF) to implement the EOF model. The enhanced model will solve the energy equation in terms of internal energy and provide temperature and pressure calculations for a given tank geometry. Specifically, a convection term will be added to an already existing code for a more accurate simulation of LH2 densification. However, currently the research focuses on utilizing User Defined Scalars (UDS) to show the built-in solvers are as accurate as the written UDS. This will reduce the computational time down significantly by utilizing an already built in solver for the momentum equation. A custom UDF has been written to solve transient and steady state conduction, and results obtained using the UDF agree with results obtained using the built-in solver. Currently, a convection UDF is being added and will be verified using known solutions for solidification and validated with the experimental results from the Cryogenics Test Laboratory (CTL) at KSC for the IRAS densification process.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest.


Open Access