Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts



Committee Chair

Michael Schmidt

Committee Member

Lucas A Charles

Committee Member

Gary K Golightly


Design is a huge part of any functional democracy. Many of the most essential forms and documents that connect the government with the citizen are crafted by designers. Good design helps bridge the gap between citizen and government interactions—making them effective and pleasant. Poor design can create a barrier to exercising one’s rights as a citizen. Ballots are one of those official documents; however, they are more essential because they are the only way that the voter can have their voice heard in an election. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the importance of ballot design, the limitations of adjusting ballot design, and ultimately ways in which voter education can overcome poor/inappropriate ballot design. Reviewing case studies in the United States and Kenya reveals different challenges that highlight democracy as an ongoing design problem. As the evolution of ballot design continues, the most efficient way to adjust to changes as a voter is to empower yourself with voter education.


Data is provided by the student

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest.


Open Access