Electronic Theses and Dissertations



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Counselor Education and Supervision

Committee Chair

Stephen Zanskas

Committee Member

Steven West

Committee Member

Daniel Lustig

Committee Member

Patrick Murphy


Despite being a critical component of an individual’s cultural identity religion and spirituality have not historically been included in multicultural counseling curricula. Research suggests that there are many benefits to addressing within the counseling relationship, and clients desire to do so. This study aims to determine how and to what extent religion and spirituality are being included in cultural diversity courses within CACREP accredited, master’s level counseling programs. A mixed-methods content analysis was conducted to review syllabi, required journal articles, assignments, and a representative sample of required textbooks from seventy-four cultural diversity counseling courses within CACREP accredited programs. The results suggest that religion and spirituality do not hold a place of prominence within these courses. The results further suggest that the quality of the assigned readings and assignments vary greatly across programs.


Data is provided by the student.”

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest.


Open Access