Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Abby L. Parrill
Daniel L. Baker
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a phospholipid growth factor mediating numerous biological effects such as platelet aggregation, mast cell activation, cell differentiation, cell migration, and cell survival by acting on specific LPA G protein-coupled receptors. Currently there are nine LPA receptors identified in the literature, LPA1-9. LPA1-3 are members of the endothelial differentiation gene (EDG) family and share approximately 50% sequence identity at the primary sequence level. LPA4-9 are structurally distinct from the EDG receptors with LPA5 sharing approximately 30% sequence identity with LPA4 at the primary sequence level. Due to the emerging role of LPA5 in human platelet activation, cancer, and neuropathic pain, a thorough characterization of LPA5is needed for the development of compounds to serve as starting points for anti-thrombotic and anti-cancer therapies as well as to inhibit neuropathic pain. In this dissertation we describe LPA5 pharmacophore model development and performance, LPA5 homology model evaluation and optimization through docking and site-directed mutagenesis studies, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) analysis at LPA5. Docking simulations were performed with the LPA5 homology model to computationally identify residues involved in ligand recognition. Pharmacophore modeling was performed to identify compounds with functional groups necessary for receptor inhibition to serve as starting points for therapeutic lead discovery. Our pharmacophore models identified weak partial antagonists and we validated headgroup recognition in alkyl-LPA (AGP 18:1), octadecenylthiophosphate (OTP 18:1), and oleyl-LPA (LPA 18:1). Specifically we proved three cationic residues to be involved in headgroup recongition: R78 (R2.60), R261 (R6.62), and R276 (R7.32). Furthermore we confirmed F71 (F2.53), F101 (F3.32), and M105 (M3.36) as three important residues involved in hydrophobic interactions with AGP, OTP, and LPA ligands. Also, we confirmed an alkyl-LPA preference in LPA5 relative to acyl-LPA. The SAR results suggests that the LPA5 binding pocket exhibits a bend that better accomadates cis relative to tran aslkenes located nine carbons from the headgroup, and that surrounding regions of the binding pocket are less bent, disfavoring recognition of ligands with cis double bonds located closer to or farther from the headgroup.
dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.
Williams, Jesica Rene, "Molecular Modeling and Experimental Studies on Ligand Recognition in the LPA5 G Protein-Coupled Receptor" (2012). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 570.