A model of depression in adult children of alcoholics and nonalcoholics
This study investigated the relationships between levels of depression in a sample of adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and non-ACOAs and patterns of parental drinking behaviors, intergenerational family interactions, attachment behaviors, and self-esteem. Drinking behaviors directly influenced family processes and indirectly influenced self-esteem but did not influence depression. An angry/violent drinking style influenced family processes and attachment styles supporting the hypothesis that certain drinking behaviors disrupt family functioning. The findings contribute to explanations of resilience in ACOAs; ACOAs termed as resilient might have been exposed to a less violent drinking style with resultant healthier familial interactions and adult attachments.
Journal of Counseling and Development
Lease, S. (2002). A model of depression in adult children of alcoholics and nonalcoholics. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80 (4), 441-451. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2002.tb00211.x