An Ecological View of School Counselor Ratios and Student Academic Outcomes: A National Investigation
The effect of student-to-school-counselor ratios on academic outcomes has been widely studied, yet few researchers have taken a multilevel approach. Using the nationally representative High School Longitudinal Study: 2009 dataset, the authors found ratios were significantly associated with student grade point average (GPA) and graduation. Attending a Title I school also was associated with students’ GPA, advanced placement/international baccalaureate credits earned, and postsecondary course taking. The authors discuss implications for advocacy and practice, contextualizing their findings within an ecological framework.
Journal of Counseling and Development
Goodman-Scott, E., Sink, C., Cholewa, B., & Burgess, M. (2018). An Ecological View of School Counselor Ratios and Student Academic Outcomes: A National Investigation. Journal of Counseling and Development, 96 (4), 388-398. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12221