Ultrasound effect on osteoblast precursor cells in trabecular calcium phosphate scaffolds


This study investigated the in vitro effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on human embryonic palatal mesenchyme cells (HEPM, CRL-1486, ATCC, Manassas, VA), an osteoblast precursor cell line, during early adhesion to calcium phosphate scaffolds. Hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) ceramic scaffolds were produced by a template coating method. Phospho-specific antibody cell-based ELISA (PACE) technique was utilized on stress activation proteins, including the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), P38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and the anti-apoptosis mediator protein kinase B (PKB/AKT). Cell-based ELISAs were also performed on the membrane anchoring protein vinculin and α6β4 integrin. LIPUS stimulated activation of PERK 1/2, PJNK, PP38 and vinculin in traditional two-dimensional (2-D) culture. Calcium release from the scaffolds was partially involved in the activation of PERK 1/2 when cell response was compared between culture on 2-D surfaces and three-dimensional (3-D) HA and TCP scaffolds. Effects of calcium extracted media from scaffolds alone could not account for the full activation of PJNK, PP38, PAKT, vinculin and α6β4 integrin. LIPUS stimulation further increased PERK activity on TCP scaffolds corresponding with an increase in both vinculin and α6β4 integrin levels. It was concluded from this study that LIPUS treatment can significantly affect stress signaling mediators and adhesion proteins in osteoblast precursor cells during the early cell-attachment phase to trabecular patterned scaffolds. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title