Title

Liquidity supply in electronic markets

Abstract

We examine the supply of liquidity by proprietary trading desks and hedge funds (PTDH) versus mutual funds, index funds, and insurance companies (MII) across ten bid (ask) steps of the limit order book. We document that institutional investors simultaneously supply liquidity at multiple prices in the limit order book. We also find that PTDHs are more price aggressive liquidity suppliers than MIIs, consistent with hypothesized responses to observed changes in the cost and risk of non-execution. We investigate whether these findings are robust to fast versus slow markets, the volatility of daily returns, and aggregate depth relative to daily volume. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Journal of Financial Markets

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