Standing the test of time: Chronotype, scheduling, and recovery experiences


Work-life balance has much to do with time. Accordingly, this chapter will explore the biological clocks of individuals (chronotype), the impact of scheduling (including disparities in schedule access), and the methods that employees use to recover from work. By integrating the currently disparate literatures on these topics, this chapter will provide a more complete understanding of how we can maximize work-life balance. One of the more novel considerations of time in the workplace lies in chronotype research, which shows that when work schedules do not match employees' chronotype, adverse consequences can result. As schedules change over time, it is crucial to consider that not all employees who would benefit from certain schedules are able to utilize them, resulting in low work-life balance. Research has also demonstrated how difficult it is for employees to adapt to schedule changes. Therefore, this chapter will review and integrate a few seminal models of recovery from stress and work-related demands. Overall, this chapter will emphasize the necessity of considering individual differences when studying work-life balance. In doing so, we hope to gain a greater understanding of the work-life experience, in addition to what individuals and organizations can do to ensure that workplace well-being is maximized.

Publication Title

Work-Life Balance in the 21st Century: Perspectives, Practices and Challenges

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