Characterization of chitosan films and effects on fibroblast cell attachment and proliferation


Chitosan has been researched for implant and wound healing applications. However, there are inconsistencies in reports on the tissue and fibroblast responses to chitosan materials. These inconsistencies may be due to variations in chitosan material characteristics. The aim of this study was to correlate fibroblast responses with known chitosan material characteristics. To achieve this aim, chitosan was characterized for degree of deacetylation (DDA), molecular weight (MW), residual protein and ash contents, and then solution cast into films and characterized for hydrophilicity by water contact angle. The films were seeded with normal human dermal fibroblasts and the number of attached cells was evaluated for after 30 min. Cell proliferation was evaluated over 5 days. This study found no relationship between DDA, contact angle, cell attachment, and or proliferation. General trends were observed for increasing proliferation with increasing residual ash content and decreasing residual protein. These data indicate that chitosan characteristics other than DDA may be important to their biological performance. © 2006 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.

Publication Title

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine