Electrospinning and its influence on the structure of polymeric nanofibers


Electrospinning is a process of creating solid continuous fibers of material with diameter in the micro- to nanometer range by using electric fields. Electrospinning has attracted increased attention in the past few years in a broad range of biomedical and industrial applications due to the ease of forming fibers with a wide range of properties. This chapter discusses the basic electrospinning technique and the factors that influence the process and the resulting nanofibers. Information on the creation of various types of nanofibers (such as hollow, helical, porous, flat, aligned, non-woven and conductive) has also been provided. The section on fiber structure describes some of the unique features of electrospun fibers. The chapter ends with a description of the impact of structure on the properties of fibers (such as mechanical, thermal, transport and surface).

Publication Title

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure