Internal pressure of human meniscal root attachments during loading


This study investigated the internal fluid pressure of human cadaver meniscal root attachments. A pressure micro-sensor was implanted inside each attachment site. Tibiofemoral joints were compressed to 2× body weight at various flexion angles and pressure recorded for 20 min. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was then transected and joints retested. Lastly, a longitudinal incision of the lateral posterior (LP) horn was made and the joint retested. Ramp pressure was defined as the pressure when 2× body weight was reached, and equilibrium pressure was recorded at the end of the hold period. The medial posterior (MP) attachment was subjected to greater ramp pressure than the medial anterior (p = 0.002) and greater equilibrium pressure than all other root attachment sites (p < 0.001). Flexion angle had a significant effect on pressure as full extension was greatest at ramp (p = 0.040). Transection of the ACL decreased ramp pressure in the LP attachment (p = 0.025) and increased equilibrium pressure (p = 0.031) in the MP attachment. The results suggest that repair strategies should be developed which reconstruct the MP attachments to be sufficient to withstand large pressures. Furthermore, since meniscal pressure is highest at full extension, this fact should be considered when prescribing rehabilitation following repair of an attachment. Copyright © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society.

Publication Title

Journal of Orthopaedic Research