The inositol phosphate pathway as a mediator in the proliferative response of rat calvarial bone cells to cyclical biaxial mechanical strain


Isolated newborn rat calvarial bone cells grown in monolayer on polyurethane membranes in specially constructed culture chambers and subjected to a cyclical biaxial mechanical strain of 0.17% at a frequency of 1 Hz for 30 min demonstrated a 16% increase in DNA synthesis during the subsequent 24 h. The metabolites of the inositol phosphate pathway, shown to be an important second messenger in many cell types, were shown to be elevated using high‐performance liquid chromatography to separate and quantitate the various inositol polyphosphates. Inositol 1,4,5‐trisphosphate, inositol 1,4‐bisphosphate, and inositol 1,3,4,5‐tetrakisphosphate reached peak accumulations after 20 s of mechanical strain. Inositol 1,3,4‐trisphosphate reached a peak accumulation after 2 min, and inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6 phosphate reached a peak accumulation after 60 min of mechanical strain. Neomycin, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, a membrane‐bound enzyme that hydrolyzes phosphatidyl inositol 4,5‐bisphosphate to start the inositol phosphate cascade, completely inhibited accumulation of the above inositol phosphates during mechanical straining of the bone cells. Neomycin also completely abolished the increase in DNA synthesis that was seen after a mechanical strain of 0.17%. It is concluded from this study that the inositol phosphate pathway is activated by mechanical strain in bone cells and that this pathway is an important and primary mediator in the transduction of mechanical strain into cellular proliferation in these cells. Copyright © 1992 Orthopaedic Research Society

Publication Title

Journal of Orthopaedic Research