A high frequency of human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA type 16 in biopsies of cervical squamous cell neoplasia of Uygur women


Cervical carcinoma ranks among the most common tumors worldwide and is especially prevalent in the developing world. Strong evidence supports the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the genesis of these tumors. The authors examined 65 cervical neoplasias from a population of women at particularly high risk for the development of cervical cancer in Western China. HPV DNA analysis consisted of in-situ hybridization (n=65) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (n=58) for the detection of HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35. Both consensus and type-specific primers for HPV types 6, 16, and 18 were used in the PCR studies. Overall, HPV DNA was detected in 76.9% of cases. In-situ hybridization identified HPV DNA in 43.1% of patients. PCR with consensus primers detected HPV DNA in 22.4% of lesions, whereas type-specific primers for the HPV E6 gene demonstrated HPV DNA in 77.6% of cervical tumors. Type-specific PCR was more sensitive than L1 consensus PCR and in-situ hybridization for detection of HPV DNA. Thirty-two (55.2%) cases that were negative by L1 consensus PCR and 21 (32.3%) that were negative by in-situ hybridization were positive by type-specific PCR. Of the 50 cases positive for HPV DNA by one or more of these assays, 94% (n=47) were identified as HPV type 16; 4% (n=2) as HPV 31, 33, or 35; and 2% (n=1) as another, unidentified, HPV type. These data support the role of HPV in the pathogenesis of cervical carcinoma in high-risk women living in Western China. This study represents the first report of HPV analyses in Uygur women with cervical cancer.

Publication Title

International Journal of Surgical Pathology