Image restoration approach to address reduced modulation contrast in structured illumination microscopy


The performance of structured illumination microscopy (SIM) is hampered in many biological applications due to the inability to modulate the light when imaging deep into the sample. This is in part because sample-induced aberration reduces the modulation contrast of the structured pattern. In this paper, we present an image restoration approach suitable for processing raw incoherent-grid-projection SIM data with a low fringe contrast. Restoration results from simulated and experimental ApoTome SIM data show results with improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and optical sectioning compared to the results obtained from existing methods, such as 2D demodulation and 3D SIM deconvolution. Our proposed method provides satisfactory results (quantified by the achieved SNR and normalized mean square error) even when the modulation contrast of the illumination pattern is as low as 7%.

Publication Title

Biomedical Optics Express