Preprocessing method to correct illumination pattern in sinusoidal-based structured illumination microscopy


The restored images in structured illumination microscopy (SIM) can be affected by residual fringes due to a mismatch between the illumination pattern and the sinusoidal model assumed by the restoration method. When a Fresnel biprism is used to generate a structured pattern, this pattern cannot be described by a pure sinusoidal function since it is distorted by an envelope due to the biprism's edge. In this contribution, we have investigated the effect of the envelope on the restored SIM images and propose a computational method in order to address it. The proposed approach to reduce the effect of the envelope consists of two parts. First, the envelope of the structured pattern, determined through calibration data, is removed from the raw SIM data via a preprocessing step. In the second step, a notch filter is applied to the images, which are restored using the well-known generalized Wiener filter, to filter any residual undesired fringes. The performance of our approach has been evaluated numerically by simulating the effect of the envelope on synthetic forward images of a 6-μm spherical bead generated using the real pattern and then restored using the SIM approach that is based on an ideal pure sinusoidal function before and after our proposed correction method. The simulation result shows 74% reduction in the contrast of the residual pattern when the proposed method is applied. Experimental results from a pollen grain sample also validate the proposed approach.

Publication Title

Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE