Fatigue crack growth behaviour of tubular aluminium specimens with a circular hole under axial and torsion loadings


Experimental results were obtained from fatigue tests of thin-walled 7075-T6 and 2024-T3 aluminium tubular specimens with a circular hole. The loading conditions included axial, torsion, combined in-phase and out-of-phase axial-torsion, and axial with intermittent torsion cycles. Crack nucleation was observed on planes of maximum shear stress for both notched and smooth (un-notched) specimens. Macroscopic crack growth in notched specimens occurred along planes experiencing the maximum range of nominal principal stress (i.e. mode I crack growth) whereas smooth specimen cracks grew on maximum shear planes. This is explained in terms of different damage evolution mechanisms in smooth and notched specimens. Cracks grew faster in torsion compared to axial loading, as well as in in-phase loading compared to out-of-phase loading. This is attributed to the T-stress in torsion tests and crack branching with a torturous crack path in out-of-phase tests. Intermittent torsion cycles decreased fatigue life and accelerated axial crack growth rate. These effects and the differences in crack growth behaviour between different loadings are discussed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Publication Title

Engineering Fracture Mechanics