Fatigue Design with Additive Manufactured Metals: Issues to Consider and Perspective for Future Research


Additive manufacturing (AM) is a state of the art technology enabling fabrication of complex geometries, in addition to providing other advantages as compared to the traditional subtractive manufacturing methods. However, a wide variety of factors significantly influence fatigue behavior and structural performance of components made of AM metals. In addition to the fabrication process parameters, these include the effects of build direction, surface roughness, residual stresses, and heat treatment, and multiaxial stress states. At the microstructural level, defects such as pores and lack of fusion particles, as well as other microstructural features affect the behavior. In this paper, first a brief review of the aforementioned factors affecting the fatigue behavior will be presented. Then some experimental multiaxial fatigue data for selective laser melting (SLM), which is a powder bed fusion (PBF) metal AM process, of a common Ti alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) with applications in many industries are presented and discussed. The effects of surface finish, heat treatment, and stress state will be evaluated, as well as failure mechanisms in different life regimes and the role of defects. Finally, some additional factors that must be considered before wide acceptance of the AM technology in critical load bearing applications will be addressed.

Publication Title

Procedia Engineering