Multiaxial fatigue of rubber: Part I: Equivalence criteria and theoretical aspects


This paper investigates commonly used approaches for fatigue crack nucleation analysis in rubber, including maximum principal strain (or stretch), strain energy density and octahedral shear strain criteria. The ability of these traditional equivalence criteria, as well as a recent equivalence criterion (the cracking energy density) to predict multiaxial fatigue behaviour is explored. Theoretical considerations are also introduced relating to the applicability of various fatigue life analysis approaches. These include the scalar nature of traditional equivalence criteria, robustness of the criteria investigated for a wide range of multiaxial loadings, effects of crack closure and applications to non-proportional multiaxial loadings. It is shown that the notion of a stress or strain amplitude tensor used for the analysis of multiaxial loading in metals is not appropriate in the analysis of rubber due to nonlinearity associated with finite strains and near incompressibility. Taken together, these considerations illustrate that traditional criteria are not sufficiently consistent or complete to permit confident analysis of arbitrary multiaxial loading histories, and that an analysis approach specific to the failure plane is needed. Of the three traditional criteria, maximum principal strain is shown to match most closely to the cracking energy density criterion, in terms of a failure locus in principal stretch space. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Publication Title

Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures