Short fatigue crack growth behavior under mixed-mode loading


Mixed-mode loading represents the true loading condition in many practical situations. In addition, most of the fatigue life of many components is often spent in the short crack growth stage. The study of short crack growth behavior under mixed-mode loading has, therefore, much practical significance. This work investigated short crack growth behavior under mixed-mode loading using a common medium carbon steel. The effects of load mixity, crack closure, and load ratio on short crack growth behavior were evaluated by conducting experiments using four-point bending specimens with several initial KII/KI mixed-mode ratios and two load ratios. Cracks were observed to grow along the paths with very small K II /K I ratios (i.e. mode I). The maximum tangential stress criterion was used to predict the crack growth paths and the predictions were found to be close to the experimental observations. Several parameters including equivalent stress intensity factor range and effective stress intensity factor range were used to correlate short crack growth rates under mixed-mode loading. Threshold values for short cracks were found to be lower than those for long cracks for all the mixed-mode loading conditions. Crack closure was observed for the entire crack length regime with all load mixity conditions at R ≈ 0.05 and for short crack regime under high load mixity condition at R = 0.5. Several models were used to describe mean stress effects and to correlate crack growth rate data. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Publication Title

International Journal of Fracture