Tensile and fatigue behaviors of polymers for automotive applications


An experimental study was conducted on tensile and fatigue behaviors of two unreinforced polymers and two short glass fiber reinforced polymer composites. A number of effects including anisotropy, strain rate and temperature on tensile behavior was investigated. Fatigue behavior was evaluated with respect to effects of mold flow direction, temperature, mean stress, and stress concentration. Effect of mold flow direction on both tensile and fatigue behaviors of unreinforced materials was found to be negligible, while it was significant for reinforced materials. Tsai-Hill criterion commonly used for continuous fiber composites was used to predict the off-axis fatigue strengths of short fiber reinforced materials. Effect of strain rate on tensile properties was found to be significant for all materials. Test temperature also influenced tensile and fatigue behaviors of both unreinforced and reinforced materials. Mathematical equations were developed to represent variations of tensile properties with both temperature and strain rate. Walker equation with a mean stress correction parameter is proposed to correct for the effect of mean stress. Effect of stress concentration combined with mold flow direction and mean stress was also investigated and Neuber's rule resulted in accurate estimation of fatigue life.

Publication Title

Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik