A polypyrrole-based solid-contact Pb2+-selective PVC-membrane electrode with a nanomolar detection limit


Ion-selective electrodes (ISE) based on conventional plasticized PVC membranes with solid inner contact (SC) have so far had unsatisfactory lower detection limits. Here it is shown that electropolymerization of pyrrole in the presence of potassium hexacyanoferrate(II)/(III) on Pt results in adequate inner contact for SC-ISE. The nanomolar lower detection limit achieved with the Pb2+-selective PVC membranes investigated is comparable with values obtained with optimized internal solutions of liquid-contact ISE. © Springer-Verlag 2004.

Publication Title

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry