An event-based analysis of the coordination of early infant vocalizations and facial actions.
This study used an event-based approach to provide empirical evidence regarding the nature of coordination in 3- and 6-month-old infants. Vocalizations and facial actions of 12 normally developing infants interacting with their caregivers were coded. Coded vocalizations and facial actions were considered coordinated when they temporally overlapped. Results indicate that infants coordinated their vocalizations and facial actions more than expected by chance. Coordinated events were governed by 2 sequence patterns. When 2 communicative events were temporally associated across modalities, 1 event tended to be completely embedded within the other, and vocalizations tended to end before facial actions. This study provides new information about how infant communication is structured, confirms results from other coordination studies, and describes a new method for analysis of event-based data.
Yale, M., Messinger, D., Cobo-Lewis, A., Oller, D., & Eilers, R. (1999). An event-based analysis of the coordination of early infant vocalizations and facial actions.. Developmental psychology, 35 (2), 505-513. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1685