Time-of-day effects on voice range profile performance in young, vocally untrained adult females
Time-of-day effects on voice range profile performance were investigated in 20 vocally healthy untrained women between the ages of 18 and 35 years. Each subject produced two complete voice range profiles: one in the morning and one in the evening, about 36 hours apart. The order of morning and evening trials was counterbalanced across subjects. Dependent variables were (1) average minimum and average maximum intensity, (2) Voice range profile area and (3) center of gravity (median semitone pitch and median intensity). In this study, the results failed to reveal any clear evidence of time-of-day effects on voice range profile performance, for any of the dependent variables. However, a reliable interaction of time-of-day and trial order was obtained for average minimum intensity. Investigation of other subject populations, in particular trained vocalists or those with laryngeal lesions, is required for any generalization of the results.
Journal of Voice
Van Mersbergen, M., Verdolini, K., & Titze, I. (1999). Time-of-day effects on voice range profile performance in young, vocally untrained adult females. Journal of Voice, 13 (4), 518-528. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0892-1997(99)80007-1