Acylation and deacylation mechanism and kinetics of penicillin G reaction with Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase


Two quantum mechanical (QM)-cluster models are built for studying the acylation and deacylation mechanism and kinetics of Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase with the penicillin G at atomic level detail. DD-peptidases are bacterial enzymes involved in the cross-linking of peptidoglycan to form the cell wall, necessary for bacterial survival. The cross-linking can be inhibited by antibiotic beta-lactam derivatives through acylation, preventing the acyl-enzyme complex from undergoing further deacylation. The deacylation step was predicted to be rate-limiting. Transition state and intermediate structures are found using density functional theory in this study, and thermodynamic and kinetic properties of the proposed mechanism are evaluated. The acyl-enzyme complex is found lying in a deep thermodynamic sink, and deacylation is indeed the severely rate-limiting step, leading to suicide inhibition of the peptidoglycan cross-linking. The usage of QM-cluster models is a promising technique to understand, improve, and design antibiotics to disrupt function of the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase.

Publication Title

Journal of Computational Chemistry